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A Close View of a King Cobra Coiled Around a Plant
A Close View of a King Cobra Coiled Around a Plant Photographic Print
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E African Mamba, Dendoaspis Angusticeps
E African Mamba, Dendoaspis Angusticeps Photographic Print
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Eastern Green Mamba, Tanzania
Eastern Green Mamba, Tanzania Photographic Print
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View of Four Entwined Cobras
View of Four Entwined Cobras Photographic Print
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Prairie Rattlesnake (Crotalus Viridis Viridis)
Prairie Rattlesnake (Crotalus Viridis Viridis) Photographic Print
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A Close View of a Red-Tailed Boa Constrictor
A Close View of a Red-Tailed Boa Constrictor Photographic Print
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A Desert Death Adder, Acanthophis Pyrrhus, Lying on Warm Sand
A Desert Death Adder, Acanthophis Pyrrhus, Lying on Warm Sand Photographic Print
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A Green Tree Boa on the Trunk of a Tree Near the Tuichi River
A Green Tree Boa on the Trunk of a Tree Near the Tuichi River Photographic Print
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Close View of a Burmese Python
Close View of a Burmese Python Photographic Print
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Detail of the Scales and Design of a Brazilian Rainbow Boa
Detail of the Scales and Design of a Brazilian Rainbow Boa Photographic Print
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An Eye-To-Eye View of a King Cobra Showing its Olfactory Pit
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Snakes! - The Ultimate Guide to Snakes from Lizardz.com

Snakes are one of several groups of reptiles. Snakes are found throughout the world except Antarctica, Iceland, Ireland, Greenland and New Zealand. Snakes are rather unique and lack  legs, moveable eyelids and external ear openings. Snakes have no external ears, but they do have a bone called the quadrate under the skin on either side of the head  which can detect sounds.

Snakes are ectotherms (cold-blooded), and must regulate their body temperature by sunning themselves to warm up, or moving to cooler areas to cool down. Species that lay eggs are called "oviparous".

Snakes utilize a variety of methods of movement which allows them great mobility even though they don't have legs. Snakes move by "walking" on their ribs. Many species of snakes are good climbers and live in trees and shrubs.

In essence, snakes use their tongues to "taste" odors that are transferred  through the air and picked-up by special sense organs in the roof of the mouth.

Snakes generally specialise in a few food types (for example, royal pythons will generally eat mice and gerbils in the wild).Snakes do not normally prey on people, but there are instances of small children being eaten by large constrictors.

Snakes do not chew their food and have a very flexible lower jaw, allowing them to open their mouths wide enough to swallow their prey whole, even if it is larger than the snake itself.

Venomous Snakes

Venomous snakes evolved about 60 million years ago and produce a toxin that immobilizes or kills their prey. Venomous snakes inject their prey with venom using hollow fangs, much in the same fashion as hypodermic needles, while constrictors squeeze their prey to death.

Venomous snakes, don't always release venom when they bite. This is called a "defensive bite" and is a mthod used to save venom for hunting prey..

Venomous snakes are roughly divided into four families: elapids, viperids, colubrids and hydrophiidae. Venomous Old World snakes are the true vipers, including the adder and the asp, and members of the cobra family, including the mamba of Africa and the krait of Asia.

Constrictors

Constrictors are snakes that squeeze their victims to death, rather than poisoning them. Constrictors are non-poisonous, but they can bite. Constrictors are not poisonous but are potentially dangerous. Constrictors will bite their prey before it is dead, to gain a grasp to aid in the consticting process. While traditional knowledge has told us that the squeeze of constrictors suffocates their prey, new studies may indicate that it is the rupturing of internal organs that actually causes the dealth of their prey.

Coming Soon! More info on:
Boas and Pythons
Rattlesnakes
Cobras
Mambas

 

Reptiles in the Newz:

The saliva of the gila monster has led to one of two exciting new drugs to fight type 2 diabetes
Both reptiles are endangered species and there is a danger that they will disappear from the planet. Fortunately, some bright scientists decided that before this happened we should discover how it was that reptiles were able to digest their meals so slowly that they could go for months without eating.
 
10-foot alligator found in yard
Check out this 10-foot alligator found in a residential backyard in eastern Leon County. The photo was submitted by Lora Wiggins...This alligator was becoming too familiar and too big to be in a residential area, so we called the state certified alligator trapper for this area.
 
Students watch turtle project grow
ELIZABETHTOWN Fourth-graders at Bladen Lakes Primary School are getting a lesson on animal conservation. For the past year, the children have raised Vietnam pond turtles as part of a project to help replenish the turtle population.
 
Plunging into mysteries of Deep Hole (Sarasota Herald-Tribune)
Word is that Deep Hole is to alligators what lightbulbs are to insects. The numbers fluctuate wildly, but as many as 120 of the reptiles have been counted in one sitting.
 

 

 
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